Fixed Ops Magazine - 2021 Vol18 01 - 20

F EAT U RE

A LAWYER'S
EYE VIEW

Employers Mandating COVID-19 Vaccine as a
Condition of Returning to the Workplace*

A

t least two COVID-19 vaccines have received

these Acts to smaller employers, and/or place further

FDA emergency use authorization and dis-

requirements on employers.

tribution has begun in earnest around the

country.  Experts expect the vaccine to be generally
available to everyone by late spring or early summer. 
As employers seek to reopen their workplaces, many
wonder whether they can require employees to be vaccinated as a condition of returning to the office.  Per
recent Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) guidance
on the issue, employers seeking
to mandate the COVID-19 vaccine
must be careful not to violate the
legal requirements of the Americans
with Disabilities Act (ADA), Title VII
of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII), and the Genetic the ADA
Information Nondiscrimination Act
(GINA), all of which apply to most
employers with 15 or more employees.  Additional state and local laws
could extend the requirements of

20

THE ADA: " MEDICAL EXAMINATIONS, "
" DISABILITY-RELATED INQUIRIES "
AND DISABILITY DISCRIMINATION 
While the ADA limits the circumstances under which

As employers seek

an employer may require a " medical

to reopen their

EEOC's guidance suggests that the

workplaces, many

examination, because it does not

wonder whether they

ual's impairments or current health

can require employees

examination " of an employee, the
COVID-19 vaccine is not a medical
seek information about an individstatus. 

However, if the employer

administers the vaccine, pre-vac-

to be vaccinated as a

cination screening questions may

condition of returning

cerning " disability-related inquiries. "  

to the office.

make " disability-related inquiries "

implicate the ADA's provision conThe ADA requires employers who



Fixed Ops Magazine - 2021 Vol18 01

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Fixed Ops Magazine - 2021 Vol18 01

Fixed Ops Magazine - 2021 Vol18 01 - 1
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Fixed Ops Magazine - 2021 Vol18 01 - 68
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